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DEPE | Stratégie scientifique » ADaptation des Animaux et Gestions Environnementales (ADAGE) » Sylvie Massemin-Challet

Sylvie Massemin-Challet

Maître de conférences à l’Université de Strasbourg

Responsable du Master d’écophysiologie et éthologie de la Faculté des Sciences de l’Université de Strasbourg / /Header of Ecophysiology, Ecology and Ethology Master, University of Strasbourg.

IPHC-DEPE
23 rue Becquerel, F-67087 Strasbourg
Tél : (33) 03-88-10-69-17
Fax : (33) 03-88-10-69-06
e-mail :

My current research activities mainly focus on the physiological and behavioral responses of birds to environmental constraints during the key phases of the annual cycle. They are based in particular on the study of inter and intra-individual plasticity of incubation, growth and reproductive behavior.

Research

My research is separated in two parts :

  • Urban environment
    Urbanization leads to natural habitat loss and fragmentation, different sources of pollution and affects biotic interactions (e.g. host-parasites/pathogens). The aim of this first project is to determine the effects of urban environment on health and individual selection at a multi-populational level in the Great tit (Parus major), a species common in both urban and forest sites. This interdisciplinary project (molecular, physiological, ecological and behavioural levels) is a unique opportunity to coordinate an emerging collaborative network by sharing data already obtained by each team in 5 French different paired urban-forest populations of great tits and collecting new data to address the following research objectives : i) determine the effects of different environmental stress levels on bird health and longevity and ii) evaluate the plasticity or micro-evolution of individuals. PEPS FEIDORA 2016 and Grant ANR 2019-2022.
    Collaborators
    IPHC (Strasbourg) : Josefa Bleu, Anne Boos ; ICPESS (Strasbourg) : Maurice Millet ; CEFE, CNRS (Montpellier) : Anne Charmantier, Arnaud Grégoire ; IMEB (Montpellier) : Amandine Gasc ; Biogéosciences (Dijon) : Bruno Faivre ; Chrono-environnement (Besançon) : Renaud Scheifler ; EDB (Toulouse) : Philipp Heeb ; Moulis, CNRS (Sète) : Alexis Chaine ; LBBE (Lyon) : Blandine Doligez ; LEHNA (Lyon) : Thierry Langagne ; MNHN (Paris) : Olivier Dehorter.
  • Uranium mining center in Lachaux (near Vichy)
    The main objective of this second project is to develop a methodology based on an integrated and multidisciplinary approach to the ecosystem to move forward in solving the question of the potential eco-toxicological impacts of metallic micropollutants in soils. The methodology must make it possible to reveal the possible cause and effect relationships existing between speciation and the bioavailability of metallic trace elements in a soil, which constitutes a first scientific lock, their accumulation along the trophic chain, and eco-physiological damage to an animal species at the top of the food chain (the great tit, Parus major). Grant E2CO, CNRS. Collaborators : M. Del Nero & A Boos, IPHC. ZATU

Teaching

  • Animal Biology in Licence
  • Fonctionnel Ecology, Evolutive Ecology, Biodiversity for students in master

Member of Commissions

  • Assistant director of ZAEU, Zone Atelier Environnement Urbain, INEE, CNRS
  • Member of ZATU, Zone Atelier Territoires Uranifères, IN2P3, CNRS
  • Member of GT Allenvi, CNRS
  • CNU, National Commission from Universities (2007-2019P)
  • CSRPN, Regional Scientifique Conseil of Naturel Patrimoine (since 2005)

Participation in others projects

  • International collaboration within a Polish Project on the effects of heavy metals on the physiological parameters of the great tit in Warsaw with M. Chatelain & M Szulkin (Wild Urban Evolution and Ecology Lab, Warsaw) -starting 2016
  • International collaboration on the effects of human disturbance on physiological stress at the great tit in Neuchatel (Switzerland) with Y. Bötch & Thibaut Powolny (Chronoenvironnement, Besançon-startup 2017
  • International collaboration within a program led by M. Vinkler, researcher of the Czech Republic (The Genetic Bank of the Department of Zoology, Prague) on the use of the great tit as a bio-indicator species of the level of pollution in heavy metals-start-up in 2018.
  • National collaboration on the heavy metals on the ecophysiology of snails with Maxime Louzon & Annette de Vaufleury-starting 2018.