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DEPE | Séminaires BEEPSS / BEEPSS Seminars » Someday your Prince Charming will come, but is it worth waiting?

Someday your Prince Charming will come, but is it worth waiting?

Last update: : Tuesday 3 October 2017, by Nicolas Busser

Presented by: François-Xavier Dechaume-Moncharmont, Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Dijon
Date: Thursday 23rd Nov 2017, 13:30-15:00
Place: IPHC, Amphithéâtre Grünewald, bâtiment 25

In evolutionary ecology, the process of mate sampling is often considered as a secondary problem compared to the more important question of co-evolution between the traits expressed in one sex and the preferences in the other sex. Since there are direct benefits from choosing a partner, the processes of pair formation have been overlooked as a somewhat trivial question. Yet, the question of the choice between several partners of varying quality is not as simple and immediate as it may seem at first look. Difficulties arise at several levels. The study of mating strategies often begins with field observations at the group or population level, but it is not straightforward to identify the actual choice criterion. If non-random pairing is observed, many authors are tempted to conclude to the existence of an underlying sexual preference. Yet, one cannot directly link the pattern of assortative mating at the population level to a given process of individual choice. Indeed, simple models show that one can easily generate such a pattern without assuming any sexual preference for the individuals. On the contrary, a pattern apparently resulting from random choices can be generated from assumptions in which the individuals actually rely on explicit sexual preferences. More generally, the scramble competition (always arising when there is a limited number of sexual partners) is a sufficiently strong constraint to severely impair the evolution of any choosy decision rules. In most cases, the evolutionary stable strategy is to use very low acceptance threshold. We also provide experimental mechanisms in favour of the adaptive value of this apparent absence of choice. These results emphasize the urgent need for carefully considering the pairing process in sexual selection.