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SCHNELL Gilles

Dernière mise à jour mardi 18 juin 2013, par Gilles SCHNELL

SCHNELL Gilles

Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien - IPHC
Département Sciences Analytiques - DSA
Sciences Analytiques

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
UMR 7178 CNRS/Université De Strasbourg - UDS

23 rue du loess, 67037 Strasbourg cedex 2, France

Contact : Gilles Schnell


Titre de la thèse : Analyses protéomique et peptidomique des molécules impliquées dans la borréliose de Lyme

Période : 2011-2014

Encadrant(s) : Laurence Sabatier


Abstract

Tick borne diseases constitute a major veterinary and human health problem. Lyme borreliosis, due to the bacterial complex Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, is the most important vector borne disease in the Northern hemisphere. After inoculation through an Ixodes tick bite, a cutaneous inflammation can appear at the site of inoculation, the erythema migrans. Then, different clinical manifestations can develop : cutaneous, neurological or articular according to the Borrelia-infecting pathotype. These differences in clinical manifestations could be linked in part to specific virulent factors facilitating pathogen dissemination.
First, we will select three human isolates of B. burgdorferi sl, one for each major pathogenic species (B. burgdorferi ss, B. garinii and B. afzelii) responsible of neuroborreliosis, the most frequent disseminating manifestation in Europe. Then, the selected isolates will be cultured on solid phase to identify clones with different virulent profiles in a murine model. Their dissemination to target organs in mouse, the cutaneous inflammatory profile and the proteins relevant in the early transmission will be studied. Thus, for each Borrelia species, the native strain and a virulent clone will be characterized by proteomic approaches to get the protein profile. By differential analysis, we expect to identify proteins potentially involved in bacterial virulence and dissemination.
The cutaneous interface is a key organ by its immunity in arthropod borne diseases and there pathogens multiply intensively. Then, we will use a targeted SRM mass spectrometry approach to look ex vivo for specific Borrelia proteins expressed in skin samples of infected mice and essential in the early transmission. We will look for the molecules of virulence detected by electrophoresis and nanoLC-MS/MS and common to the three main Borrelia species. Skin samples of mice experimentally infected with the different Borrelia strains will be first tested, then human samples.
These two approaches could allow the identification of vaccine-candidates for Lyme borreliosis and could also potentially be used for in vitro early diagnosis.

Keywords : Borrelia, innate immunity, antimicrobial peptides, cutaneous inflammation, pathotypes

Publications / Communications

Publications

Communications

  • Schnell G, Boeuf A, Delval V, Jaulhac B, Boulanger N, Sabatier L. Proteomic and peptidomic analysis of the molecules involved in the lyme disease.
    29th JFSM (Journées Françaises de Spectrométrie de Masse). September 2012. Orléans, France. (Oral Communication)
  • Schnell G, Boeuf A, Delval V, Jaulhac B, Boulanger N, Sabatier L. Proteomic and peptidomic analysis of the molecules involved in the lyme disease.
    29th JFSM (Journées Françaises de Spectrométrie de Masse). September 2012. Orléans, France. (Poster)
  • Schnell G, Boeuf A, Delval V, Jaulhac B, Boulanger N, Sabatier L. Proteomic and peptidomic analysis of the molecules involved in the lyme disease.
    Journée des doctorants en chimie 2012. November 2012. Strasbourg, France. (Oral communication)